This ayanamsha is based on the assumption that the Age of Aquarius will begin in the year This assumption is maintained by a theosophical society called Ageless Wisdom , and bases itself on a channelled message given in by a certain spiritual master called Djwhal Khul. The ancient Indian astronomer Aryabhata states that from the beginning of the Kaliyuga Kali Age in BCE until the spring equinox CE Aryabhata's own 23rd year of life exactly years have passed.
In addition, he assumes the spring equinox at the initial point of Aries. From this information, two possible ayanamshas can be derived. Either the zero point of the zodiac is assumed at the position of the equinoctial point on the spring equinox CE, or otherwise at the position of the mean Sun exactly sidereal years after the beginning of the Kaliyuga. More information on these ayanamshas is found in the General Documentation of the Swiss Ephemeris.
These ayanamshas are calculated using the same methods as the two Aryabhata ayanamshas above, however using the year length of the Suryasiddhanta. According to Govindasvamin n. This tradition probably goes back to an erroneous interpretation of Aryabhata's above-mentioned statement that he was 23 years old when had elapsed after the beginning of the Kaliyuga.
These ayanamshas are not used in astrology. In fact, they are not ayanamshas at all, but astronomical sidereal coordinate systems, where the tropical ecliptic of the beginning of the year , , or is defined as a sidereal reference frame. Ayanamshas are usually defined using the positions of certain fixed stars. The following fixed stars played an important role in the history of the zodiac:. Unfortunately, nobody can tell why any of these stars should be so important that it could be used as an anchor point for the zodiac.
In addition, all these solutions are unattractive in that the fixed stars actually are not fixed forever, but have a small proper motion which over a long period of time such as several millennia, can result in a considerable change in position. The appearance of the sky changes over long periods of time.
In ' years, the constellation will look very different from now, and the nakshatras lunar mansions will get confused. For this reason, a zodiac defined by positions of stars is unfortunately not able to provide an everlasting reference frame. Constellations of the zodiac around the year ' BC. If one were to travel back to that time, one could not easily recognise any of the constellations except Orion. Incidentally, this phenomenon not only challenges current definitions of ayanamsha, which anchor the zodiac at some fixed star, but also obviously proves that the zodiacal constellations either have no reality and are mere imagination or otherwise that they are a transient and perishable thing.
In addition, it is obvious that the astrological zodiac of 12 equal signs with all its wonderful internal logic and symmetry, if it is real at all and an everlasting archetype of the cycles of life, cannot derive its effectiveness from a random distribution of unrelated fixed stars, but must be based on something more stable and more fundamental.
For such or also other reasons, some astrologers Raymond Mardyks, Ernst Wilhelm, Rafael Gil Brand, Nick Anthony Fiorenza have tried to redefine the sidereal zodiac using either the galactic centre or the node of the galactic equator with the ecliptic. It is obvious that this kind of solution, which would not depend on the position of a single star anymore, could provide a philosophically meaningful and very stable definition of the zodiac.
Fixed stars would be allowed to change their positions over very long periods of time, but the zodiac could still be considered fixed and "sidereal". Disregarding historical considerations for a moment, it would be philosophically convincing to define the sidereal zodiac relative to the galactic centre, around which our Sun and all visible stars circle.
Assuming the galactic centre here seems to make sense. Thus this ayanamsha is very close to the ayanamshas that are fixed at the star Revati. Another ayanamsha that is fixed at the galactic centre was proposed by the German-Spanish astrologer Rafael Gil Brand. To sum up, it seems that even if one agrees that the galactic centre should play an important role in the definition of the sidereal zodiac, nevertheless several different solutions remain possible.
Since the Sun moves about the galactic centre, the galactic centre makes a small apparent motion, too, comparable to the fixed stars. If one wanted a really fixed reference point, then one would have to fix the zodiac at the so-called International Celestial Reference System ICRS or the extragalactic radiation sources at which it is anchored.
From a historical point of view, however, it must be noted that the galactic centre was discovered only in modern times and therefore certainly did not play any role, when the sidereal zodiac was first defined. However, it is quite possible that the galactic node, i. This intersection point, which is located only a few degrees from the galactic centre, could again be assumed at the beginning of Sagittarius or the nakshatra Mula. This solution or actually a variation on it was apparently first proposed in by the American astrologer Raymond Mardyks.
A bit unaesthetic remains the fact that its beginning is not defined as sidereal Aries, but sidereal Sagittarius. Incidentally, this solution could solve the problem of the Age of Aquarius, whose beginning is mostly assumed in our time, whereas with all other approaches, it would only occur in several centuries. The galactic centre GC is located a few degrees from this point south of the ecliptic.
If one prefers a solution closer to traditional ayanamshas, one could assume the galactic node in the middle of the nakshatra Mula. Then the Milky way passes the middle of the "root" nakshatra Mula, which is quite aesthetic. With this solution the zero point of the zodiac would be near the zero point of the Lahiri zodiac.
Also relevant may be the question of whether this reference system is really fixed. In reality, it is subject to small fluctuations, too. Since it is based on the node of the galactic equator with the ecliptic i. These fluctuations are caused by the gravitational influence of the planets so-called planetary precession.
Consequently, the galactic node changes its position in the course of millennia by several arc minutes, however oscillates around some a mean position. Nevertheless, it is certainly a lot more convincing as a point of reference for the sidereal zodiac than some random fixed star. Unfortunately, there are some problems with the definition of the galactic equator, too. It is defined in such a way that both the Sun and the galactic centre are in its plane and that it also approximates the mean plane of the Milky Way.
The galactic coordinate system, which was defined by the International Astronomical Union in the year , only very roughly fulfils this definition. Today, the position of the galactic centre is known with much higher accuracy than it was in It has been found that it does not lie exactly in the plane of the galactic coordinate system, as it should, but about 4 arc minutes south of it.
This correction is based on a paper by Chinese scientists from the year However, another small correction may be required in the future. Another point we should be aware of is the fact that alternative definitions of the galactic plane could be thought of.
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The plane of the galactic equator described above passes through the Sun and the galactic centre and approximates the plane of the Milky Way as closely as possible. However, it is not identical to the true plane of the Milky way. Since the current position of the Sun is not exactly in the plane of our galaxy, but a bit above it, therefore we actually look a bit down on the plane of the Milky Way.
Consequently, the galactic centre has an apparent position of 8. The node of this plane with the ecliptic is about 9. The galactic equator or the true plane of the galaxy? The true plane of the galaxy is certainly more fundamental and more stable than the galactic equator. The galactic equator is only an approximation of it. Since the Sun is located exactly in its plane by definition, however in its orbit around the galactic centre moves above and below the fundamental galactic plane, it follows that the galactic equator will change its inclination against the galactic plane over time, i.
In addition, since the Sun also moves around the galactic centre and the galactic centre makes a corresponding apparent motion, too, the nodal axis of the tilting movement will also wander around the galactic centre in the course of more than million years. These motions are extremely small and will become significant only over millions of years, however it is a fact that the galactic equator is not a fixed frame of reference.
By contrast, the true galactic plane is extremely stable. As has been stated, the difference between the two planes is small, and their nodes with the ecliptic are only about 9. The galactic equator passed the ecliptic at the winter solstitial point in , however the true galactic plane did so only in the year or It is likely that some astrologers would prefer an ayanamsha based on the true galactic plane.
At the moment, however, we have not implemented such ayanamshas yet. While a rough calculation could be done already, astronomical data available today are still not accurate enough in order to calculate such ayanamshas with high precision. Another possible galactic plane of reference is given by the motion of the Sun around the galactic centre, i. This plane has a completely different orientation and is subject to enormous fluctuations over a period of millions of years. These fluctuations are caused by the fact that the Sun during its revolution around the galactic centre several time crosses the galactic plane and moves up and down, thereby changing its direction of motion.
Currently this plane "orbital plane" of the Sun cuts the ecliptic in tropical Leo and Aquarius or in sidereal Cancer and Capricorn. In October , Jonathan Dunn pointed out to me the possibility to define the initial point of the zodiac by the Andromeda Galaxy.
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The Andromeda Galaxy is the largest galaxy close to our Milky Way. It moves at more than km per second towards our galaxy and will unite with it in about 4. In this sense, it is a kind of partner galaxy of the Milky Way and will play a major role in its destiny. Should it therefore be chosen as a reference point for the sidereal zodiac? However, if one takes its ecliptical longitude as the initial point of the zodiac, then surprisingly an ayanamsha results that lies within the scope of common ayanamshas, deviating from the DeLuce and Djwhal Khul ayanamshas only by a few arc minutes.
It seems, however, that neither DeLuce nor Djwhal Khul were aware of this fact, because they do not mention the Andromeda galaxy at all. The German civil engineer Hartmut Warm , who as a free researcher has conducted very extensive studies on the subject of "Sphere Harmony", in his book "Signature of the Celestial Spheres" 12 mentions a resonance relationship between Saturn, Jupiter and Neptune, which can be represented graphically as a star with twelve teeth see illustration.
Saturn-centric position of Neptune with heliocentric conjunctions of Jupiter and Neptune over a period of years, according to Hartmut Warm, "Signature of the Celestial Spheres" , German version, p. The star graphic, which evokes associations with the twelve-part zodiac, can be generated as follows: First calculate the points in time at which Jupiter and Neptune heliocentrically form a conjunction, then for each of these points in time draw the saturn-centric position of Neptune in ecliptical longitude into a circle.
The distance of the Neptune dot from the center of the graphic must be chosen proportional to the distance of Neptune from Saturn. The graphic was generated by Warm based to conjunctions over a period of years. The question arises as to whether this star figure generated by resonances of planetary orbits could define a sidereal zodiac.
I assumed that the ayanamsha should be as close as possible to traditional ayanamshas. But since it is a twelve-pointed star, one could just as well choose any other point of the star as the beginning of the zodiac. As the formula shows, the figure is not absolutely fixed, but performs an extremely slow rotation of about 43 arcseconds per century.
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This rotation is over times slower than the precession. Two Ayanamshas for the Zodiac and the Nakshatra Circle? Finally yet importantly, investigations in the "true original" ayanamsha should take into account the fact that the nakshatra circle and the circle of the zodiac were originally created independently of each other. The nakshatra circle was invented by the ancient Indians, whereas the sign zodiac was invented by the Babylonians. Contrary to assertions often made by Hindu astrologers, Pre-Hellenistic Vedic texts do not know or mention any zodiac signs.
The two systems were brought together and conflated in India in the Hellenistic or post-Hellenistic period. The details of this conflation process are unknown. However, it is rather unlikely that the initial point of the original Babylonian Aries coincided exactly with the initial point of the original nakshatra Ashvini. Instead, the zodiac or the nakshatra circle or both of them could have been adjusted in order to bring them into line with each other and create the conflated circle that is used today.
It is therefore possible that the original Babylonian zodiac and the original Indian nakshatra circle had separate ayanamshas. In addition, as has been shown, the nakshatra circle might originally have been defined by the galactic node, which was located at the beginning or in the middle of Mula.
For this reason, the galactic node cannot have played any role in the definition of the Babylonian zodiac. Thus, from a historical point of view, the ayanamshas of the nakshatra circle and the zodiac should actually be investigated separately. Interestingly, all ancient Indian texts that mention the positions of the solstices and equinoxes relative to zodiac signs place these points at the beginnings of the cardinal signs. The vernal point is always assumed at the beginning of Aries, no text ever places it in Taurus or another zodiac sign, the summer solstice is always at the beginning of Cancer, the winter solstice at the beginning of Capricorn, and the autumn equinox at the beginning of Libra.
Only later, it was transformed into a sidereal zodiac, most probably because Indian astronomers were focused on sidereal observation, but did not know how to handle precession. While some old Vedic texts place the solstices in the nakshatras Dhanishtha and Ashlesha, it is important to note that these texts do not know any zodiac signs yet.
Perhaps, the American astrologer Ernst Wilhelm, also an expert in Hindu astrology, comes closest to these facts, since he uses sidereal nakshatras combined with a tropical zodiac. However, this dating is based on the pole and equator of the Galactic Coordinate System II, which was defined by the International Astronomical Union in and has become a bit outdated.
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A more accurate position of the galactic pole was published in by Chinese astronomers. If this new pole is used, the beginning of the New Age must be dated into the year , more precisely on 28 April , or perhaps, if nutation is not taken into account, on 1 August Calculation D. On the same date, the galactic node entered tropical Capricorn.
Esoterics wrongly interpreted this event as an "alignment of the earth axis with the galactic centre" and associated it with the "end of the Maya calendar" on 21 December During that year, many people feared or hoped for the end of the world as we know it. Astronomically, the "Galactic Alignment" and the "end" of the Maya calendar had nothing to do with each other. Also, the "alignment" was not between the earth axis and the galactic centre, but between the earth axis with the galactic node, i.
This alignment occurred in the year , not in An "alignment" with the galactic centre will occur only in From an astronomical point of view, no "end of the world" should be expected in that year. This is obviously only a partial improvement of the galactic equator. Koch, based on a distance of the Sun from the galactic centre of parsec and a distance of the Sun from the galactic plane of Koch using the Swiss Ephemeris, based on the position and proper motion apparent motion of the galactic centre.
Your name: Robot Spiderwoman Visiting Astro. Com Logout Shopping Cart 1. Current Planets. Ayanamshas in Sidereal Astrology. Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko heliocentric. All named asteroids. All Reports at a Glance. If you are a Taurus , you are romantic, grounded, and supportive. You are also vain, possessive, and stubborn.
You are also deceptive, distracted, and superficial. You are also uncommunicative, hypersensitive, and defensive. If you are a Leo , you are generous, entertaining, and warm. You are also arrogant, jealous, and blunt. If you are a Virgo , you are practical, organized, and resourceful. You are also critical, reserved, and overwhelmed. If you are a Libra , you are social, fair, and charming. You are also indecisive, manipulative, and unopinionated. If you are a Scorpio , you are passionate, brave, and magnetic.
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You are also secretive, obsessive, and probing. If you are a Sagittarius , you are optimistic, enthusiastic, and bold. You are also reckless, irresponsible, and overconfident. If you are a Capricorn , you are responsible, ambitious, and hardworking. You are also unforgiving, pessimistic, and cold. If you are an Aquarius , you are independent, open-minded, and inventive. You are also detached, irrational, and idealistic. If you are a Pisces , you are comforting, sympathetic, and intuitive.
You are also gullible, clingy, and self-pitying. Houses represent the areas of life that are most important to you. For example, your house might be linked to matters relating to inner peace and connectedness. Or it might be linked to matters relating to transparency, healing, and the depth of life. That could mean expressing yourself through creativity, playfulness, and sharing who you are with others. Or it could mean building a legacy through discipline, patience, and perseverance. Planets represent the transient experiences of your life and personality.
For instance, Mercury relates to interactive learning. Mars relates to self-determined action. Saturn relates to developing structure. When you look at your birth chart, you should also look at your sun, moon, ascendent, and chart ruler. The sun and moon represent the fundamental elements of your personality. The sun represents your outwardly focused, expressive side. The moon represents your inwardly focused, reflective side. Meanwhile, your ascendent represents the qualities you are developing as a result of your life experiences.
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Combined with your chart ruler , it tells you how your life is going to unfold and how your personality will develop based on your life experiences. There are plenty of websites where you can type in your date of birth, time of birth, and location of birth in order to get a look at your own birth chart. Even though the tropical system is more popular in Western areas of the world, Hindu astrology continues to use the sidereal system for their predictions. However, there are problems with both systems.